HARSLE is a professional manufacturer for Hydraulic press including C frame type, Four-column type, deep-drawing press, hydroforming press, and other customized presses. They are widely used in the field of cutting, stamping, bending, punching, forming, dreep-drawing, curling, etc.
GET A QUOTE
We not only provide a good products, but also provide quality services.
If you are interested in our products, you can contact us by the following ways.
Do you have questions about how we can help your company?
Send us an email and we’ll get in touch shortly.
Questions & Answers
Here you will get most answers to the frequently asked questions, HARSLE expertise team will also collect the questions from most customers during the engineering service process and we will update here every month. We believe you will get the worthful tips here.
Hydraulic press : A shop press is a machine that uses hydrostatic pressure to process metal, plastic, rubber, wood, powder and other products. It is often used in the pressing process and press forming processes, such as forging, stamping, cold extrusion, straightening, bending, flanging, sheet deep drawing, powder metallurgy, press-fitting and so on.
Its principle is to make use of Pascal's law to make use of hydraulic pressure transmission machinery, there are many types. Of course, the uses are also diverse according to needs. For example, according to the type of liquid that transmits pressure, there are two major categories: shop press and shop press.
The total pressure generated by the shop press is relatively large, and it is often used for forging and stamping. Forging cheap shop press is divided into die forging shop press and free forging cheap shop press. The die forging shop press uses abrasive tools, while the free forging shop press does not use molds. The first 10,000-ton cheap shop press manufactured in my country is a free forging shop press.
The working principle of a shop press. The areas of the large and small plungers are S2 and S1 respectively.
The force is F2 and F1 respectively. According to Pascal's principle, the pressure of a closed liquid is equal everywhere, that is, F2/S2=F1/S1=p; F2=F1(S2/S1). It represents the gain effect of hydraulic pressure. Like mechanical gain, the force increases, but the work does not gain. Therefore, the movement distance of the large plunger is S1/S2 times the movement distance of the small plunger.
The basic principle is that the oil pump delivers the hydraulic oil to the integrated cartridge valve block, and distributes the hydraulic oil to the upper cavity or lower cavity of the cylinder through various one-way valves and overflow valves, and makes the cylinder move under the action of high-pressure oil. It is a device that uses liquid to transmit pressure. When liquid transfers pressure in a closed container, it follows Pascal's law. The hydraulic transmission system of a four-column hydraulic press consists of a power mechanism, a control mechanism, an executive mechanism, an auxiliary mechanism and a working medium. The power mechanism usually uses an oil pump as the power mechanism, which is generally an integral oil pump. In order to meet the requirements of the moving speed of the actuator, one oil pump or multiple oil pumps are selected. Gear pumps for low pressure (oil pressure less than 2.5MP); vane pumps for medium pressure (oil pressure less than 6.3MP); plunger pumps for high pressure (oil pressure less than 32.0MP). Pressure processing and forming of various plastic materials, such as extrusion, bending, deep drawing of stainless steel plates and cold forming of metal parts. It can also be used for pressing powder products, grinding wheels, bakelite, and resin thermosetting products.
According to the structure, it is mainly divided into four-column type, single-column type (C type), horizontal type, vertical frame, universal hydraulic press machine, etc.
According to the purpose, it is mainly divided into metal forming, bending, stretching, punching, powder (metal, non-metal) forming, press fitting, extrusion, etc.
Hot forging hydraulic press
The large hydraulic forging press is forging equipment that can complete various free forging processes and is one of the most widely used equipment in the forging industry. At present, there are forging hydraulic presses of 800T, 1600T, 2000T, 2500T, 3150T, 4000T, 5000T and other series specifications.
Four-column hydraulic press
The shop press is suitable for the pressing process of plastic materials. Such as powder product molding, plastic product molding, cold (hot) extrusion metal molding, sheet stretching, and horizontal pressing, bending pressing, turning through, correction and other processes.
The four-column hydraulic press can be divided into a four-column two-beam hydraulic press, four-column three-beam shop press, four-column four-beam hydraulic press, etc.
Single-arm hydraulic press (single column hydraulic press)
The working range can be expanded, the three-sided space is used, the stroke of the hydraulic cylinder is lengthened (optional), the maximum retractable is 260mm-800mm, and the working pressure can be preset; the heat dissipation device of the hydraulic system.
Gantry shop press
The machine parts can be assembled, disassembled, straightened, calendered, stretched, bent, punched, etc., truly realizing one machine with multiple functions. The working table of the machine can move up and down, and the size has expanded the opening and closing height of the machine, making it more convenient to use.
Double column hydraulic press
This series of products are suitable for pressing, bending and shaping, embossing and creasing, flanging, punching and shallow drawing of small parts of various parts; forming of metal powder products and other processing techniques. It adopts electric control, is equipped with inching and semi-automatic circulation, can hold pressure and delay time, and has good sliding block guidance, convenient operation, easy maintenance, economical and durable. According to the needs of users, functions such as thermal instrument, ejector cylinder, stroke digital display, and counting can be added.
The hydraulic press has relatively stable loading and is suitable for forming processes such as bending, deep drawing, and shaping.
Mechanical presses have a greater impact and are more suitable for separation processes such as punching and cutting.
The above is the opinion of most people, but Japanese research results show that the deformation of stamping parts is basically independent of the stamping speed, only when the stamping machine reaches more than 2000 times per minute, it will have an impact.
In terms of efficiency, mechanical presses should be higher.
In terms of reliability, mechanical presses are relatively solid, while hydraulic presses are generally prone to hydraulic problems such as oil leakage.
In summary, it is better to use a mechanical press in addition to the procedures of shaping and correcting bending, which facilitates the improvement of work efficiency.
The press (including punches and hydraulic presses) is a universal press with exquisite structure. It has a wide range of uses and high production efficiency. The press can be widely used in cutting, punching, blanking, bending, riveting and forming processes. By applying strong pressure to the metal blank, the metal is plastically deformed and fractured to be processed into parts.
Hydraulic press is a machine that uses liquid as a working medium and is made according to Pascal's principle to transfer energy to realize various processes. The hydraulic press is generally composed of the machine (host), power system and hydraulic control system.
1. Hydraulic press various components of hydraulic transmission can be conveniently and flexibly arranged according to needs.
2. Lightweight, small size, small movement inertia, and fast response speed.
3. Convenient operation and control, which can realize step-less speed regulation in a wide range (speed regulation range up to 2000:1).
4. The overload protection can be realized automatically.
5. Generally, mineral oil is used as the working medium, the relative moving surface can be lubricated by itself, and the service life is long.
6. It is easy to realize linear motion.
It is easy to realize the automation of the machine. When the electro-hydraulic combined control is adopted, not only a higher degree of automatic control process can be realized, but also remote control can be realized.
According to the structure, it is mainly divided into four-column hydraulic press, single-column (c-type) hydraulic press, horizontal hydraulic press, vertical frame hydraulic press, etc.
According to the purpose, it is mainly divided into metal forming, bending, stretching, punching, powder (four-column hydraulic press metal, non-metal) forming, pressing, extrusion, etc.
The hydraulic press machine uses hydraulic oil, and the viscosity (32, 46, 68, etc.) and specifications (HL, HM, HV, etc.) need to be selected according to the equipment requirements. Generally, the HM type (anti-wear hydraulic oil) is used. The hydraulic oil is the hydraulic medium used in the hydraulic system that utilizes the hydraulic pressure energy, which plays the role of energy transmission, anti-wear hydraulic oil, system lubrication, anti-corrosion, anti-rust, cooling, etc. in the hydraulic system. For hydraulic oil, first of all, it should meet the requirements of the hydraulic devices for liquid viscosity at working temperature and starting temperature. Because the viscosity change of lubricating oil is directly related to hydraulic action, transmission efficiency and transmission accuracy, the viscosity-temperature performance of the oil is also required. And shear stability should meet the various needs of different applications. There are many types of hydraulic oils, and the classification methods are different. For a long time, it is customary to classify hydraulic oils according to their uses, and some are classified according to soil type, chemical composition or flammability.
Shop press is a machine that uses liquid as a working medium and is made according to Pascal's principle to transfer energy to realize various processes. The shop press is generally composed of three parts: the machine, the power system and the hydraulic control system.
The basic principle is that the oil pump delivers hydraulic oil to the integrated cartridge valve block, and distributes the hydraulic oil to the upper cavity or lower cavity of the cylinder through various one-way valves and relief valves, and moves the cylinder under the action of high-pressure oil. A shop press is a device that uses liquid to transmit pressure. When liquid transfers pressure in a closed container, it follows Pascal's law. The hydraulic transmission system of a four-column shop press consists of a power mechanism, a control mechanism, an executive mechanism, an auxiliary mechanism and a working medium.
Feature Blogs & Articles
HARSLE is a professional hydraulic press machine manufacturer and we will share useful knowledge about hydraulic press every week. Because HARSLE has a professional engineering team, we will offer more shop press tips and knowledge to our users.
HARSLE is always humbled to receive positive reviews and feedback from our customers. Their satisfaction with a job well done is our greatest accomplishment, and we thank them for their kind words.